Wednesday, May 23, 2007

Pre Release Question 12

Question 12
The gap between birth rate and death rate is getting smaller.
Why might people choose to have fewer children in the UK today ?

How can we use the data in Resource 2 to help to explain the falling birth rate ?
Why might the death rate be rising even though medical care is more advanced ?

A12) Fertility rate is declining in most EMDCs (Economically more developed countries)

When a country has a situation where the number of births are not high enough to replace the number of deaths, this is known as a situation of SUB REPLACEMENT FERTILITY.

WIKIPEDIA article on this issue
The map below is taken from the Wikipedia article: those countries shaded in blue are in this position, and as you can see there are quite a few of them !

Remember that 2.1 children need to be born to counteract the SEX RATIO: 105 boys are born for every 100 girls, as well as replace the 2 parents.

Why do you think that there are fewer children being born ?
Read this BBC ARTICLE for a financial reason !

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